ANNE BRONTE




English writer, sister of Charlotte Bronte
and Emily Bronte. Anne Bronte is best-known of her AGNES GREY (1847)
and THE TENANT OF WILDFELL HALL (1848), which are generally considered more conservative novels than her sisters.

Anne Bronte was born in Thornton, Yorkshire.
She was the youngest of six children of Patrick and Maria Bronte, and educated largely at home.

After the death of her mother in 1821, and two other children, Maria (d. 1825) and Elizabeth (d. 1825), Anne was left with her sisters and brother to the care of their father and aunt, Elisabeth Branwell.


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The girls real education was at the Haworth parsonage, in which Mr. Bronte settled the year before his wife's death.

They read the Bible, Homer, Virgil, Shakespeare, Milton, Byron, Scott and many other, and examined articles from Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Fraser's Magazine, and The Edinburgh Review.

Inspired by a box of 12 wooden soldiers, the children wove tales and legends associated with remote Africa. Emily and Anne created their own Gondal saga, and Charlotte and Branwell recorded their stories in minute notebooks.


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In 1839 Anne worked for a short period as a governess to the Inghams at Blake Hall and later in same position to the Robinsons at Thorpe Green Hall from 1841 to 1845.

Her brother Branwell joined her there as a tutor in 1843. He fell unfortunately in love for Mrs Robinson and Anne had to leave the work.


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In 1846 Anne Bronte published with her sisters a collectionof poems, POEMS BYCURRER, ELLIS AND ACTON BELL. Her first novel, Agnes Grey, a story about the life of a governess, appeared in 1847.

It was based on Anne's recollections of her experience with the over-indulged young children and the worldly older children of the Ingham family and the Robinson family.


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The novel did not gain similar success as Emily's Wuthering Heights and Charlotte's Jane Eyre.
Her second novel, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, was published in 1848 in three volumes and sold well.

It portrays in Arthur Huntingdon a violent drunkard clearly to some extent drawn from Branwell, who died in September 1848.

In the story the young and beautiful Helen Graham has taken a refuge at Wildfell Hall from her husband Huntingdon. Gilbert Markham, a local farmer, falls in love with her. When Helen's husband dies, the way is clear for Gilbert to win her hand.


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The frank depiction of Huntingdon's alcoholism and Helen's struggle to free herself was considered by some critics inappropriate subjects for a woman.
Anne Bronte fell ill with tuberculosis after the appearance of the book.

She died on the following May in 1849 at Scarborough, where she was buried.



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